Luxor (which literally means “Palaces”) is considered the world’s greatest open-air museum, where nothing in the world compares to the scale and grandeur of the monuments that have survived from ancient city of Thebes. Luxor was the official and religious capital of Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom Egypt. The great Nile River flows between the modern city and west-bank necropolis, giving travelers a great amount of wonders to enjoy; from the temples of Karnak and Luxor in the east and the many tombs and temples on the west bank, to the spectacular desert and river scenery and rich aspects of modern life.
Luxor has a hot desert climate like most cities in Egypt, it has the hottest summer days of any other city. Luxor is considered one of the hottest, sunniest and driest cities in the world. Temperatures range from 40 to 22 °C (104 to 72 °F) in the summer and 22 to 5 °C (72 to 41 °F) in winter. The average humidity is 39.9%, with a maximum mean of 57% during winter and a minimum mean of 27% during summer.
- Luxor Temple
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River, and constructed approximately 1400 BCE. The temple was dedicated to the rejuvenation of kingship; and it’s thought to be the place where many of the kings of Egypt were crowned in reality.
- Karnak Temple
The temple complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. The temple was part of the ancient city of Thebes, and was the main place of worship of the eighteenth dynasty with the god Amun as its head.
- Luxor Museum
An archaeological museum on the East Bank of the Nile River in the city of Luxor. The museum of two-stories was built in 1975. It displays items from the tomb of the 18th dynasty pharaoh Tutankhamun, a collection of 26 New Kingdom statues that were found buried in the Luxor Temple in 1989, and the royal mummies of two pharaohs – Ahmose I and Ramesses I.
- Mummification Museum
An archaeological museum dedicated to the art of Ancient Egyptian mummification, opened for tourists in 1997. It was established to help visitors understand the ancient art of mummification, its techniques, and the tools used to make it happen. The museum covers an area of 2035 square meters and contains the following sections: Hall of artifacts, Lecture hall, Video room, andCafeteria.
- Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Gates of the Kings, is the place were tombs were constructed for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom for nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC. The valley is located on the West Bank of Nile River, in the heart of Necropolis. The valley contains 63 tombs, ranging in size and number of chambers that reaches up to 120 chambers in Tomb KV5 (Burial site of Sons of Ramesses II).
- Valley of the Queens
Known as Ta-Set-Neferu or “The place of beauty”, it was the valley where wives of the great Pharaohs were buried in ancient times. The main valley contains 91 tombs and the subsidiary valleys add another 19 tombs, with burials that all date back to the 18th dynasty.
The mortuary temple of Pharaoh Ramesses II “Ramesses the Great”. A UNESCO World Heritage Site founded in the 13th century BC, and located on the West Bank of Luxor. Construction of the temple took around 20 years. The Ramesseum was planned to be a place of worship dedicated to pharaoh and god on earth, where his memory is kept alive after his death.
- Deir El-Bahari
A complex of mortuary temples and tombs on the West Bank of the Nile. It contains many mortuary tombs for some of the greatest kings and queens of ancient Egypt, like: Temple of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep, Temple of Hatshepsut, and Temple of Thutmose III.
- Medinet Habu
The Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III on the West Bank of the Nile. The temple was excavated between 1859 and 1899. Its precinct measures approximately 210 meters (690 feet), by 300 meters (1,000 feet), and contains more than 7,000 square meters (75,347 square feet) of carved wall drawings.
- Tombs of the Nobles
An ancient Egyptian tombs complex on the West Bank of the Nile, Nestled in the foothills opposite the Ramesseum, and within a walking distance from Medinet Habu. It boasts more than 400 tombs belonging to nobles from the 6th dynasty to the Graeco-Roman period.
Visitors can have the privilege of witnessing all aspects of greatness in the old capital of Egypt, Thebes. It is where most of the ruins and tombs are. Between the great Nile River in the middle of the city, the massive temples, the ancient museums, and magnificent plains; tourists are in for the historical ride of their lives.
Visitors get to enjoy a bike ride around Ancient Thebes. It takes less than 15 minutes to get there, and see first-hand over 4,000 years of greatness in monuments.
A cruise in the great Nile River, the world’s longest river, is a must when visiting Luxor. Tourists shouldn’t miss the felucca cruise in the Nile between two shades of greatness and history on both banks of the river.
- Hot air ballooning
If the city of Luxor is breathtaking enough as it is; how about watching it from up high in the sky? Hot-air balloon flights usually start by dawn, floating over Luxor for a view of all the important landmarks of the West Bank.